Volume 7, Issue 2, April 2018, Page: 29-39
Analysis of Physicochemical Parameters, Anions and Major Heavy Metals of the Dhaleshwari River Water, Tangail, Bangladesh
Md. Aminul Ahsan, Institute of National Analytical Research and Service (INARS), Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (BCSIR), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Abu Bakar Siddique, Institute of National Analytical Research and Service (INARS), Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (BCSIR), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mahbuba Akhter Munni, Department of Environmental Science and Resource Management, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail, Bangladesh
Md. Ahedul Akbor, Institute of National Analytical Research and Service (INARS), Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (BCSIR), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Shakila Akter, Institute of National Analytical Research and Service (INARS), Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (BCSIR), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Younus Mia, Department of Environmental Science and Resource Management, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail, Bangladesh
Received: Jul. 19, 2018;       Accepted: Jul. 30, 2018;       Published: Aug. 22, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajep.20180702.12      View  216      Downloads  35
Abstract
Dhaleshwari is one of the most important rivers in Bangladesh and plays a vital role in the economy of the Tangail region of Bangladesh due to its geographical position. However, anthropogenic activities are gradually degrading the aquatic system of the river. The present study was conducted at the three selected locations of the Dhaleswari river during March to May 2016 for physicochemical parameters: color, odor, temperature, pH, DO, BOD, EC, TDS; anions: F-, Cl-, Br-, NO3-, NO2-, SO42- and PO43- and major heavy metals: Pb, Cd, Cr, Hg and As in order to estimate the current water pollution profile of the river. The color of water were natural to slightly green and odor were unobjectionable. Other measured physicochemical parameters ranged as temperature 29.3-32°C, pH 6.78-8.12, DO 4.11-7.31 mgL-1, BOD 0.52-1.74 mgL-1, EC 127-487 µScm-1 and TDS 60-235 mgL-1. The anions concentration found as F- <0.5, Cl- 1.08-6.8, Br- <1.0, NO3- 0.51-19.7, NO2- <1.0, SO42- 3.34-9.37 and PO43- 1.74-4.44 mgL-1. The concentration of major heavy metals obtained as Pb <0.01, Cd ˂0.001, Cr ˂0.005, Hg ˂0.001 and As 0.002-0.015 mgL-1. The analysis of most of the water quality parameters were performed using standard methods of American Public Health Association. According to statistical analysis, temperature, EC and TDS show positive correlations with each other and negative correlations with pH, DO and BOD which themselves show negative correlations with each other. The anionic pairs Cl--PO43-, NO3--SO42-, and SO42--PO43- show positive correlations and Cl--NO3-, Cl--SO42- and NO3--PO43- show negative correlations with each other. The analysis results of water body in regard to the studied water quality parameters revealed that the quality of water in the selected regions of the Dhaleshwari river is almost suitable for fishing, domestic and irrigation purposes. The water is safe for aquatic biota and human beings and also for industrial use without further treatment. Although adequate measure and treatment should be carried out in the water body for microbial contaminations before using for human consumptions.
Keywords
Dhaleshwari River, Physicochemical Parameters, Anions and Heavy Metals, Water Quality, Statistical Analysis, Aquatic Environment
To cite this article
Md. Aminul Ahsan, Md. Abu Bakar Siddique, Mahbuba Akhter Munni, Md. Ahedul Akbor, Shakila Akter, Md. Younus Mia, Analysis of Physicochemical Parameters, Anions and Major Heavy Metals of the Dhaleshwari River Water, Tangail, Bangladesh, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2018, pp. 29-39. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20180702.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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